Chopra D., M.D., Simon, D., M.D., and Abrams, V., C.C.E., I.B.C.L.C. A holistic Guide to Pregnancy and Childbirth, Magical Beginnings, Enchanted Lives. Published by Three Rivers Press NY 2005

Roman, A., M.D., The Natural Pregnancy Book, Published by Celestial Arts, Berkley Ca. 2003

Nicholas, F., and Humenic, S., Childbirth Education, Practice, Research and Theory 2nd Edition. 2000

Federation of American Societies for Experimental. (2013, March 4). "Pregnant Moms Addicted To Junk Food May Pass Addiction Onto Offspring." Medical News Today. Retrieved from

National Institute on Drug Abuse,

American Pregnancy Association: Caffeine intake during pregnancy;

March of Dimes,

Maternal caffeine consumption during pregnancy and the risk of miscarriage: A prospective cohort study. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 198 (3), e1-8.. Weng, X., Odouli, R. & Li, D.K. (2008).

“Salt intake during pregnancy alters offspring’s myocardial structure”  Authors: E.N. Alves-Rodriques, M.M. Veras, K.T. Rosa, I. de Castro. L.N.S. Furukawa, et al

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Sodium Fact Sheet.  [PDF - 308KB] November 2009.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Dietary guidelines for Americans 2010. Washington, DC: Government Publishing Office, 2010.

Institute of Medicine. (2005) Dietary reference intakes for water, potassium, sodium chloride, and sulfate. 1st ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

USDA/FDA. 2011. Food Safety for Pregnant Women.

Video- 10 Americans by the Environmental Working Group.  July, 23, 2012 -

From the American Academy of Pediatrics: Policy Statement  Chemical-Management Policy: Prioritizing Children's Health -

PUB MED: Environmental chemicals in pregnant women in the United States: NHANES 2003-2004. Woodruff TJZota ARSchwartz JM. -

PUB MED: Prenatal exposure to phthalates and infant development at 6 months: prospective Mothers and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) study : Kim YHa EHKim EJPark HHa MKim JHHong YCChang NKim BN. –

PUB MED: Prenatal Exposure to Phthalates and Infant Development at 6 Months by: Kim YHa EHKim EJPark HHa MKim JHHong YCChang NKim BN. - Environ Health Perspect. 2011 Oct;119(10):1495-500. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1003178. Epub 2011 Jul 7-

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Rauh,V.A.,F.P.Perera,M.K.Horton,R.M.Whyatt,R.Bansal,X.Hao,etal.“Brain Anomalies in Children Exposed Prenatally to a Common Organophosphate Pesticide.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. May 2012 109 (20): 7871-6. See http://

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TBHQ found in chicken nuggets:

ACOG In the News: Environmental Toxic Agents

The following is a representative sample of media coverage on the release of the Committee Opinion on Environmental Toxic Agents. ACOG's president, Jeanne A. Conry, MD, PhD, is quoted and featured in many of the articles.

Induction by degraded carrageenan of colorectal tumors in rats


The following outside resources provide additional information about environmental chemicals and reproductive health. 

Disrupted Development: The Dangers of Prenatal BPA Exposure, September 2013, The Breast Cancer Fund.
This report includes a comprehensive review of the literature linking exposure to BPA in utero to health problems in childhood and beyond.

The Program on Reproductive Health and the Environment at the University of California, San Francisco
This program provides a number of resources, including educational materials for patients and their families, multiple examples regarding obtaining an exposure history, and a compilation of professional society policy statements calling for regulatory and other efforts to address exposure to toxic chemicals.

Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics (AOEC), Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units 
The AOEC is a network of investigators across the United States who support clinical capacity related to environmental health. The Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units respond to requests for information throughout North America regarding prevention, diagnosis, management, and treatment of environmentally-related health effects in children and, as such, are poised to serve as a resource for obstetricians and gynecologists in recognition of the inextricable relationship between reproductive and pediatric health. Occupational Medicine Programs at regional academic centers can serve as a resource for evaluating occupational exposure to chemicals.

Reproductive Health Resources, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), NIH
This web page provides a list of resources on reproductive health and the environment. The mission of the NIEHS is to discover how the environment affects people in order to promote healthier lives.

US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)
The US EPA evaluates risk information on human health effects that may result from exposure to environmental contaminants.

California Environmental Protection Agency (Cal-EPA) 
The Cal-EPA provides the list of chemicals known by the State of California to cause cancer or reproductive or developmental toxicity.

Ruth Winter.1978. A Consumer’s Dictionary of Food Additives. Crown Publishers, Inc., New York.